Lack of drinking water in remote areas of Afghanistan

Lack of drinking water in remote areas of Afghanistan

The lack of drinking water in different regions of Afghanistan is one of the basic problems of this country, which has a wide impact on the health and well-being of the people. The reasons for this problem and its results are:

Reasons for lack of drinking water

  1. Drought and climate change: Due to its geographical location, Afghanistan is heavily affected by drought and climate change. The decrease in rainfall and natural water resources has caused water shortages.

  2. Poor infrastructure: Water supply infrastructure in many parts of Afghanistan has been destroyed due to years of war and unrest. This makes it difficult for people to access safe drinking water.

  3. Pollution of water sources: Many water sources have become unusable due to pollution caused by industrial, agricultural and domestic sewage. These pollutions threaten public health.

  4. Growing population: The increase in population and urbanization has increased the demand for drinking water, while the resources and infrastructure cannot adequately meet this demand.

  5. Improper management of water resources: The lack of effective policies and improper management of water resources have also contributed to the lack of drinking water.

The results of drinking water shortage

  1. Diseases: The lack of safe drinking water has caused the spread of various diseases related to contaminated water, such as diarrhea, cholera, and other infectious diseases.

  2. Poverty and migration: The lack of drinking water causes families to have to pay extra for water supply or migrate to other areas. This can exacerbate poverty and increase internal migration.

  3. Decreasing agricultural production: Agriculture is one of the main sources of income for many Afghans. Lack of water has reduced agricultural production and consequently increased poverty and food insecurity.

  4. Impact on education and health: In many areas, children and women have to walk long distances to get water. This issue has a negative impact on children’s education and the general health of families.

  5. Social contradictions: lack of resources