Increasing domestic violence in Afghanistan

Family violence in Afghanistan

Family violence in Afghanistan, like in other countries, is a serious and complex issue that has profound effects on people’s lives. Some factors and aspects related to family violence in Afghanistan are:

  1. Culture and social values: Values ​​and cultures related to gender roles and family in Afghan society can contribute to the existence and spread of family violence. Some of these violences include forced marriages, beating of spouses or children, and even family massacres.

  2. Lack of effective legal protection: In some regions of Afghanistan, the absence or weakness of protective and executive laws to deal with family violence can increase this type of violence. This may be due to cultural and ethnic differences, or structural and economic problems.

  3. Poverty and economic disability: The state of poverty and economic disability of some families can lead to an increase in family violence. Economic pressures can cause tensions and conflicts within families that lead to violence.

  4. Efforts to change gender roles: While changes in gender roles and women’s development are happening in Afghanistan, it may be met with cultural and social resistance that leads to family reactions and violence. to be

  5. Asylum and discrimination: When people are refugees or in vulnerable situations, the possibility of family violence is higher. People living in times of crisis and instability may be particularly at risk.

  6. Social and political developments: Political and social developments, including armed conflicts and government changes, can affect the dynamics of families and their internal relations and intensify family violence.

In general, family violence in Afghanistan is a serious issue that requires attention and effective measures from the society, government and related organizations in order to reduce these problems and protect people from possible harm.

What problems are caused by family violence?

Family violence can lead to serious and multiple problems that have many negative effects on the lives of individuals and societies. Some of these problems include the following:

  1. Physical and psychological injuries: Family violence may lead to serious physical and psychological injuries for people in the family. Bullying, psychological harassment, and threats can cause severe physical and psychological harm to the victims.

  2. Family failure and unhealthy marital relations: Violence in the family can lead to family failure and weak marital relations. This can cause people to think and desire isolation and even unstable marriages.

  3. Psychological effects on children and teenagers: Family violence has very bad effects on children and teenagers. Psychological and social injuries caused by violence can harm their education and healthy development and can even cause illegal and violent behavior in their future.

  4. Social and cultural gaps: Violence in the family can lead to social and cultural gaps. Affected people are often from the weak and deprived sections of the society who may not have enough access to the needed support and services.

  5. Avoidance from education and job: Family violence may cause people to stay away from education and suitable job opportunities. People exposed to violence often face psychological and social problems that can have a negative impact on their education and career.

  6. Addictions and mental disorders: Family violence may increase addictions and mental disorders in people. These people may turn to drugs or suffer from anxiety and depression due to the experience of violence.

In general, family violence has a negative impact not only on the affected people, but also on societies in general and requires serious attention and measures from the society and the government to prevent and deal with these problems.

**Why has family violence increased in Afghanistan?
The increase in family violence in Afghanistan can be attributed to multiple and complex factors that include cultural, social, economic, and political factors. Some of the possible reasons for the increase in family violence in Afghanistan are:

  1. Culture and values ​​of society: Culture and values ​​related to gender roles and family in Afghanistan can cause unhealthy and violent relationships within the family. For example, fear of forced marriage, discrimination against women and girls, and emphasis on not respecting the rights and will of other people can lead to family violence.

  2. Inability to maintain security, law and order: Political and security developments in Afghanistan may cause the weakness of the judicial system and the inability to maintain security, law and order in some areas. This may lead to an increase in crime and family violence that is not pursued without appropriate legal effects.

  3. Poverty and lack of economic ability: The state of poverty and lack of economic ability in some families can lead to economic and social pressures that provoke family violence. Lack of access to economic resources and provision of basic needs of families may lead to tensions and violence.

  4. Increasing social and ethnic conflicts: Social and ethnic conflicts in Afghanistan may increase family violence. Some people may act in violent ways as a result of these conflicts, which will eventually be reflected in families.

  5. Lack of protection for the rights of women and children: Lack of adequate protection for the rights of women and children can encourage family violence. Some cultural habits and beliefs may conflict with people’s fundamental rights, which causes violence.

  6. Lack of education and awareness: Lack of education and awareness about human rights and healthy relationships in the family can lead to an increase in family violence. People who are not familiar with these concepts may end up in unhealthy relationships.

In general, to prevent and reduce family violence in Afghanistan, there is a need to pay attention to these factors and comprehensive social, cultural, legal, and economic measures. Measures that help strengthen security, economic development, promote a culture of respect for human rights, and promote community awareness of family issues and healthy communication in the family can help reduce these violence.

Consequences of domestic violence

Family violence has serious and multiple consequences for individuals and societies. These consequences can be physically, psychologically, socially, and economically affecting. Some of the main consequences of family violence include:

  1. Physical injuries: Family violence can lead to serious physical injuries, including wounds, fractures, restraints, and injuries to other body parts. These injuries can lead to serious complications for a person’s physical health and in some cases may even lead to death.

  2. Psychological injuries and anxiety: Family violence can have serious psychological consequences for people, including increased anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, social anxiety, and adjustment disorders. This can lead to decreased self-confidence, sleep disorders, and other psychological problems.

  3. Effects on social relationships: Family violence may destroy a person’s social relationships with others, including relationships with friends, extended families, and community members. This can lead to people’s isolation and increased feelings of loneliness and worthlessness.

  4. Effects on children and teenagers: Family violence has very serious effects on children and teenagers. These individuals may experience serious psychological and social problems, including difficulties in education, behavioral disorders, and poor personality development.

  5. Cycle of Violence: Family violence may start a repetitive cycle that over time reduces people’s self-awareness and their ability to prevent violence. This can cause the continuation and spread of violence in the future.

  6. Damage to society and economy: Family violence causes high economic and social costs, including health, treatment, and compensation for social damages. This can lead to the economic and social weakness of the metropolis and the country.

In general, family violence causes physical and psychological destruction of people, weakens social relationships, and has long-term effects on society and the economy. Therefore, prevention and intervention in family violence is very important in order to maintain the health and well-being of individuals and communities.