Agriculture and livestock

Agriculture and livestock

Agriculture and livestock are two basic activities in the field of agriculture, which play a very important role in the development and stability of the economy of countries. These two activities are summarized as follows:

  1. Agriculture:

    • Production of food products: Agriculture helps in the production of food products such as wheat, barley, rice, potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes, etc., which are the main part of human nutrition.
    • Ensuring food security: The development of agriculture and increasing the production of agricultural products helps to ensure the food security of the society and reduces the dependence on food imports.
    • Employment creation: Agriculture, as one of the largest economic sectors in many countries, provides a lot of employment for the population.
    • Supply of raw materials for food industry: Cultivation of main raw materials for food industry and processing of agricultural products such as livestock, sugar, oil extraction, etc.
    • Supply of raw materials for textile industries: Textile products such as cotton, linen and wool produced in agriculture are the most important raw materials for textile industries.
  2. Livestock (livestock and animal breeding):**

    • Production of livestock products: Animal husbandry helps in the production of products such as milk, meat, eggs and animal skin, which become an important part of human nutrition and various industries.
    • Production of animal manure: Livestock products are also used as animal manure for agricultural lands, which improves the soil and increases the yield of crops.
    • Creation of employment and income: Livestock is also the main source of employment and income for people in rural areas who are engaged in raising livestock and poultry.
    • Environmental sustainability: Sustained use of animal husbandry preserves pastures and natural resources and prevents environmental degradation.

In general, agriculture and animal husbandry as the two main activities in the field of agriculture are the most basic factors in providing food and food security, employment,

Agriculture and livestock in Afghanistan

Agriculture and livestock are two basic activities in Afghanistan that play an important role in the economy and social life of this country. Afghanistan is an old country with a long agricultural history, and a large part of the country’s population is engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. These two sectors in Afghanistan have specific characteristics and challenges that are explained below:

  1. Agriculture in Afghanistan:

    • High diversity of products: Afghanistan, as a country with a diverse climate, has a high diversity in the production of agricultural products. Afghanistan’s crops include wheat, barley, rice, corn, quinoa, potatoes, peaches, grapes, dates, pistachios, and all kinds of vegetables.
    • Security effects: One of the basic challenges of agriculture in Afghanistan is the effects of security and instability in the country. Due to the unstable security situation, many areas of Afghanistan are affected by drug trafficking and the effects of war, which have a direct impact on farmers.
    • Use of water resources: Management of water resources and proper irrigation is one of the other challenges of agriculture in Afghanistan. Although Afghanistan has rivers and underground water resources, but the proper management of these resources for irrigation of agricultural crops needs to be improved.
  2. Livestock (livestock and animal breeding):**

    • Livestock breeding in the mountainous regions: Livestock breeding, especially in the mountainous regions of Afghanistan, is one of the main economic activities of the people due to the climatic and geographical conditions of these regions. Breeding of sheep, goats, cows and horses is common in these areas.
    • Security problems: Also, security problems also affect the livestock farming process in Afghanistan. The lack of security and the presence of armed groups can cause worries and problems for livestock farmers.
    • Providing protein materials: Livestock plays an important role in providing protein materials such as meat and milk for the Afghan society and in some areas helps rural communities benefit from food diversity.

How many percent of Afghan people are engaged in agriculture and livestock?

In Afghanistan, agriculture and livestock as the two main and basic activities in the field of agriculture play an important role in the employment and livelihood of the population. According to available statistics and information, approximately 60-70% of the population of Afghanistan are engaged in agriculture and livestock. This ratio may be higher in rural and urban areas that are more focused on agriculture.
In many parts of Afghanistan, agricultural land and pastures serve as the main sources of income for families and local communities. Agriculture and animal husbandry in Afghanistan have challenges due to changing weather conditions and security fluctuations, but despite these problems, these activities still constitute a significant part of the economy and people’s livelihood.